February 23, 2010


Dolphin Diseases Linked to Human Ailments and Ocean Health

Diseases found in dolphins are similar to human diseases and can provide clues to how human health might be affected by exposure to contaminated coastal water or seafood, said a panel of government, academic and nonprofit scientists speaking today at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, AAAS.

"Dolphins and humans are both mammals, and their diet includes much of the same seafood that we consume. Unlike us, however, they are exposed to potential ocean health threats such as toxic algae or poor water quality 24 hours a day," said Carolyn Sotka of the NOAA Oceans and Human Health Initiative and lead organizer of the session.

Environmental News Service - www.ens-newswire.com
19 Feb 2010
Photo credit: Todd Speakman courtesy NOAA


Related News
>>>Toxin Triggers Epilepsy In Sea Lions And Humans

Wild bird telemetry project helps FAO to better understand disease ecology of emerging diseases and the role of migratory birds in transmission dynamics

The concept behind wild bird radio telemetry is straightforward: attaching a radio transmitter to a wild bird and track the emitted signals to determine its movements.

This monitoring technique determines bird movements over areas ranging in size from the restricted breeding sites of resident bird species to the pathways of international migratory species.

Telemetry has important applications in the investigation of infectious diseases carried by migratory species, including the virus ecology of H5N1 avian influenza virus and other diseases.

FAO Agricultural Dept., Animal Product and Health Division
19 Feb 2010


Animals linked to human Chlamydia pneumoniae

Animals have been found to have infected humans sometime in the past with the common respiratory disease Chlamydia pneumoniae, according to Queensland University of Technology infectious disease expert Professor Peter Timms.

Unlike the sexually-transmitted form of Chlamydia, Chlamydia pneumoniae is a major bacterial germ that causes widespread respiratory disease in humans.

The discovery was made by an international team of scientists from QUT's Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, who used koalas to prove the link between Chlamydia pneumoniae in animals and humans.

EurekAlert - www.eurekalert.org 21
Feb 2010
Photo credit: Erika Fish, Queensland University of Technology


Cited Journal Article
>>>Evidence that Human Chlamydia pneumoniae Was Zoonotically Acquired. Journal of Bacteriology. 2009 Dec; 191(23): 7225-7233.

Reported Wildlife Mortality Events to the USGS National Wildlife Health Center Updated

USGS and a network of partners across the country work on documenting wildlife mortality events in order to provide timely and accurate information on locations, species and causes of death. This information was updated on February 19, 2010 on the USGS National Wildlife Health Center web page, New and Ongoing Wildlife Mortality Events Nationwide. Quarterly Mortality Reports are also available from this page. These reports go back to 1995.

USGS National Wildlife Health Center
22 February 200

>>>Updated Wildlife Mortality Event Table

Acidified landscape around ocean vents foretells grim future for coral reefs

Huge vents covering the sea-floor – among the strangest and most spectacular sights in nature – pour carbon dioxide and other gases into the deep waters of the oceans.

Last week, as researchers reported that they had now discovered more than 50,000 underwater volcanic springs, they also revealed a new use for them – as laboratories for measuring the impact of ocean acidification on marine life.

The seas are slowly being made more acidic by the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide from factories and cars being pumped into the atmosphere and then dissolved in the sea.

Guardian - www.guardian.co.uk
21 Feb 2010
Photo credit: Michele Westmorland/Getty Images


Related News
>>>Will coral reefs disappear?

Endangered Species
Photo credit: Alamy
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I Munilla and A Velando

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Isolation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus from Saker falcons (Falco cherrug) in the Middle East
Adv Virol. 2009 Jan 1;2009:1.
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Genetic analysis of avian influenza virus from migratory waterfowl in Mexico
Archives of Virology. 2010 Jan; 155(1): 97-101
M Montalvo-Corral1 and J Hernández

Birth size and postnatal growth in cave- and bridge-roosting Brazilian free-tailed bats
Journal of Zoology. 2010; 280(1): Pages 8 - 16
LC Allen et al.

Journal of Wildlife Management - February 2010
Volume 74, Issue 2

The Wildlifer - January 2010
Issue 358