September 13, 2012

Today's Wildlife Disease News Stories

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[300,000 blackbirds at Usutu virus died]
[Translated article]

The Nature Conservation Germany (NABU) has for the first time to calculate how many blackbirds last year are actually the tropical Usutu virus to the victim. Accordingly, approximately 300,000 birds died as a result of infection. Despite the numerous deaths was the blackbird population in their existence but not in danger, the release of the NABU.

...The initial outbreak of the Usutu virus in Germany recorded the experts "in the summer of 2011 the Upper Rhine Valley on the border of Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Baden-W├╝rttemberg," reports the NABU. In some regions, a true mass extinction was observed. In 21 affected districts of Blackbird hand fell, according to the experts within a year by around a third. In the summer of 2012, the outbreak area was further enlarged. "The outbreak area has spread easily in summer 2012 and now covers the Rhine valley from Freiburg to Cologne and the Main valley up to Frankfurt and Hanau," says the release of the Federal Nature Conservation. A panic is not the spread of the pathogen. Because "we can assume that the blackbirds are becoming increasingly resistant to the pathogen" and "fail regions similar mass deaths every year less extreme" as in affected, explain the bird expert of NABU, Lars Lachmann.
10 Sep 2012
Location: Germany


From hantavirus to bird flu to West Nile, diseases crossing from animals to people is becoming more common thanks to global warming. A string of recent reports of people falling ill and dying of diseases that spread to people from animals might have you wondering: Are animal-borne diseases on the rise?

Discovery News -
10 Sep 2012
R Rettner

New approach needed to tackle emerging zoonotic diseases

A more coordinated approach to surveillance is required if emerging diseases which can spread from animals to humans are to be tackled, say scientists.

... Writing in Philosophical Transactions B of The Royal Society, researchers at the University of Glasgow are calling for a shift in focus of surveillance for zoonoses to build systems that tackle both emerging global threats and endemic zoonoses in developing countries.

This, they argue, will overcome barriers to the reporting of emerging diseases and also help alleviate the burden of endemic diseases, that have huge impacts upon the health and livelihoods of impoverished communities throughout the developing world.

University of Glasgow News -
09 Sep 2012

Yellowstone Wolves Hit by Disease

Less than two decades after wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park, viral diseases like mange threaten the stability of the new population.

...The researchers point to pathogens as the culprit in the population's instability. By 1997, all of the new wolves at the park that were tested for disease had at least one infection, including canine distemper, canine parvovirus and canine herpesvirus. Starting in 2007, wolves inside the park were testing positive for mange — an infection in which mites burrow under the skin causing insatiable scratching and so much hair loss that infected wolves often freeze to death in the winter.

Live Science -
10 Sep 2012
M Gannon
Location: Yellowstone National Park, USA


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