April 6, 2010


Rapid response team investigates coral disease outbreak in Kaneohe Bay

An outbreak of a disease called Montipora White Syndrome (MWS) was found in Kaneohe Bay, Oʻahu within the last month prompting an interagency response team composed of scientists and students to document the extent, spread and potential causes of the disease.

Members of the investigative team included scientists from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa’s Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), USGS National Wildlife Health Center and Bishop Museum.

Corals are the very foundation of our coral reef ecosystem and are under threat from overfishing, land-based pollution and emerging coral diseases.

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa - www.hawaii.edu/news
01 Apr 2010
Location: Kaneohe Bay, Oʻahu, Hawaii, USA - Map It


Pneumonia continues to kill Nevada bighorn sheep

The Nevada Department of Wildlife says biologists continue to find bighorn sheep that have died of complications of pneumonia.

The department says 102 dead sheep have been found over the last four months - 74 in the East Humboldt Range and 28 in the Ruby Mountains.

Department big game biologist Caleb McAdoo says the department is concerned that as many as 80 percent of each herd may die.

KTVN News 2 - www.ktvn.com (Source: Associated Press)
01 April 2010

Location: Elko County, Nevada, USA - Map It


Medicine Residues May Threaten Fish Reproduction, Swedish Study Finds

Researchers at Umeå University and the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered that traces of many medicines can be found in fish that have been swimming in treated waste water.

One such medicine, the hormone levonorgestrel, was found in higher concentrations in the blood of fish than in women who take the contraceptive pill. Elevated levels of this hormone can lead to infertility in fish.

The study is published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.

Anthrax, wildlife - Namibia: (Etosha Natl Park) correction

We've found 90 dead plains zebra (_Equus quagga_) in the 2 months since 1 Feb 2010 (when things started picking up).

Of 46 tested thus far, 29 were confirmed positive for _Bacillus anthracis_ by selective culture at the Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL) in Windhoek.

Of the 17 that tested negative, 8 were suspected to have died of anthrax based on carcass freshness, lack of coagulation, and lack of any sign of predation.

ProMED-mail - www.promedmail.org
02 Apr 2010

Location: Etosha National Park, Namibia - Map It


Wildlife Trafficking
Huh, That's Interesting!
Photo credit: Blair Hedges

Browse complete Digest publication library here.

Increased risk of chronic wasting disease in Rocky Mountain elk associated with decreased magnesium and increased manganese in brain tissue
Can J Vet Res. 2010 Jan;74(1):50-3.
SN White et al.

Molecular and biological characteristics of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from wildlife in France
Veterinary Parasitology. 2010 [Epub ahead of print]
D Aubert et al.

Global Pathogen Distributions: A Win-Win for Disease Ecology and Biogeography
Ecohealth. 2010 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print]
KF Smith

FAO-OIE-WHO Joint Technical Consultation on Avian Influenza at the Human-Animal Interface
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 2010 May 01; 4(1-29 Suppl.) - Special Issue
T Anderson et al.

Wildlife (Boselaphus tragocamelus)–small ruminant (goat and sheep) interface in the transmission of ‘Bison type’ genotype of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in India
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2010 Mar; 33(2):145-159
S Kumara